Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z  A Abscess: inflammation caused by an infection of bone, soft-tissue, or tooth. Abutment: the teeth on either side that support a bridge. Acrylic Resin: a plastic resin used in dentist offices. Amalgam: an alloy used for dental fillings. B Bleaching: whitening of teeth using chemical or laser treatment. Bonding: using a tooth-colored material to cover the tooth's surface because of defects. Bridge: a prosthesis that is either removable or fixed to replace missing teeth. Bruxism: the grinding of teeth C Calculus: a hardened substance on teeth (tartar). Canal: the chamber that stores the nerves and soft-tissue that is located in the tooth's root. Canker Sore: an ulceration caused by trauma or herpes simplex virus. It is yellow in the middle with a red border. Cap: also known as a crown Cold Sore: caused by the herpes simplex virus and is usually located around the mouth Crown: the cover of the tooth that goes over the root and nerves. Is natural but can be artificial. D Dentin: located underneath the enamel surface of the tooth. Denture: removable artificial teeth that replace missing teeth. Dry Socket: occurs after and extracted tooth socket has failed to produce a blood clot or the blood clot has been removed. E Enamel: the outer layer of the tooth Endodontics: a specific type of dentistry that focuses on the dental pulp and root issues of the tooth. Eruption: when a tooth breaks through the soft-tissue of the gum. Extraction: the removal of a tooth. F Filling: metal, porcelain, or resin materials that restore or replace parts of a lost tooth. Flap Surgery: the cleaning of the roots of the tooth by lifting the gum tissue Fluoride: a mineral that strengthens the enamel. Fluorosis: when too much fluoride ingestion occurs and the enamel becomes discolored. G Gingivitis: a disease in the gums caused by plaque. H Halitosis: bad breath I Impacted Tooth: a tooth that has not erupted through the gum due to being partially or completely blocked. Implant: a metal rod and crown that replaces a missing tooth. Incisor: the front four teeth that are used for biting and cutting. L Local Anesthesia: anesthesia such as Novocain that numbs a small portion of the mouth. M Maxilla: the upper jaw. Molar: the rear teeth that are used for chewing. Mouth Guard: a device placed in the mouth to prevent teeth grinding. N Novocain: a local anesthetic used for dental procedures O Oral Hygiene: maintaining cleanliness and health of the oral cavity Orthodontics: a specific type of dentistry that deals with the alignments of the teeth and jaw Overbite: when the upper teeth overlap the lower when the mouth is closed. P Plaque: a colorless, sticky film on the teeth that forms from the mixture of food particles, saliva, and bacteria. Prosthetics: bridges, implants, and dentures are all examples of prosthetics. Pulp: the inside of the tooth that contains nerve tissue and blood vessels. R Remineralization: reversing of the decay process by replacing a tooth's minerals. Restorations: the replacing of a lost tooth or teeth. (ex: bridges, dentures, implants) Root: the part of the tooth that connects to the jaw. Root Canal Therapy: a procedure where the nerve and and anything else is removed and cleaned out to save an abscessed tooth. S Sealants: a thing clear or white material placed on the surface of a tooth to prevent decay. T Tartar: a hardened substance on teeth TMJD: Temporomandibular joint disorder. A condition that deals with the muscles and joint that connect the lower jaw to the skull. Trauma: an injury caused by an outside force. V Veneer: a composite shell that is cemented to the front of the tooth to cover up crooked, discolored, or chipped teeth. W Whitening: whitening of teeth using chemical or laser treatment. Wisdom Teeth: the third set of molars in the back of the mouth that erupt between the ages 18 – 25. X X-Ray: an image projected on photographic film using high frequency light.   Call us today to schedule your next appointment! (928)774-5599